Violin Basics for Beginners

violin basics for beginners

Violin Structure 

The top of a violin, which is also called the top plate, is typically made of spruce wood. The ribs and back of the violin are made of maple. The upper and lower bouts are the parts of the violin that are arched and the smaller arches that are arched in, toward the F-holes or “F” shaped holes in the top of the violin, are the C bouts or waist. Without the waist, there would not be enough room for the bow to hit all the strings efficiently.

The tailpiece is the long piece with fine tuners on them it runs to the base of the violin. To the left of the tailpiece is the chinrest. The bridge is a piece of maple wood that holds up the strings and keeps the tension on the strings and contributes greatly to transmitting the vibration from the strings to the body of the violin. The neck of the violin runs from the body of the violin to the scroll where the tuning pegs are located.

The fingerboard, usually made of ebony, runs on top of the fingerboard and the spruce top. The strings run down the fingerboard from the pegs in the pegbox to the fine tuners.

Inside the violin is the sound post, which is a small dowel. It is placed between the top plate and the back plate and is located under the treble end of the bridge. The violin would cave in on the treble side of the bridge, where the E string is sitting, if the sound post was not in place. A sound post is typically made of spruce and is between 5.5 and 6.0 mm in diameter for a full-size violin.

On the bass side of the bridge, where the G string sits, is what is called the bass bar, which is a long and thin strip of wood on the top of the inside top of the violin, lying almost parallel to the strings. The bass bar helps in transferring energy to more area of the top plate.

Just a few violin basics for beginners – let me know what you think!

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  1. Margie
    8 years ago

    This is a great post. Thanks so much for sharing, like always.